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Global Lawyer is a complex thinker,
sharing Professor Giorgio Parisi ideas

Prof. Olga Nickole Kuyan

5 Oct 2021


The Studio Legale Lauricella congratulates Professor Giorgio Parisi, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy, who has been awarded the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics. Giorgio Parisi was awarded one half of the Prize "for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales", with the other half jointly awarded to Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann, “for the discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales”
“The discoveries being recognised this year demonstrate that our knowledge about the climate rests on a solid scientific foundation, based on a rigorous analysis of observations. This year’s Laureates have all contributed to us gaining deeper insight into the properties and evolution of complex physical systems,” says Thors Hans Hansson, chair of the Nobel Committee for Physics.
Around 1980, Giorgio Parisi discovered hidden patterns in disordered complex materials. His discoveries are among the most important contributions to the theory of complex systems. They make it possible to understand and describe many different and apparently entirely random materials and phenomena, not only in physics but also in other, very different areas, such as mathematics, biology, neuroscience and machine learning. Here we can confirm that also human rights protection and justice achievement depend on the complexity, but not only upon Law and Judicial Reforms.

The Studio Legale Lauricella is proud to share Giorgio Parisi revolutionary research.

In our legal practice we, the Studio Legale Lauricella, apply Complex Thinking. It's a philosophical concept created by Henri Laborit and introduced by Edgar Morin - a French philosopher and sociologist who has been internationally recognized for his work on complexity and "complex thought" (pensée complexe) and for his scholarly contributions to such diverse fields as media studies, politics, sociology, visual anthropology, ecology, education, and systems biology. He holds degrees in history, economics, and law.
It's the concept where "the goal of method research is not to find a unitary principle of all knowledge, but to indicate the emergence of a complex thought, which cannot be reduced either to science or to philosophy, but which allows their intercommunication by operating dialogic loops".(the formulation of Complex Thought is from: Morin Edgar, Science avec conscience (1982)).
Complexity characterises the behaviour of a system or model whose components interact in multiple ways and follow local rules, meaning there is no reasonable higher instruction to define the various possible interactions (See: Johnson Steven, Emergence: The Connected Lives of Ants, Brains, Cities. New York: Scribner, 19 (2001)
Neil Johnson states that even among scientists, there is no unique definition of complexity – and the scientific notion has traditionally been conveyed using particular examples, (Johnson Neil F, Chapter 1: Two's company, three is complexity, in Simply complexity: A clear guide to complexity theory (2009)).
In several scientific fields, complexity has a precise meaning.

The study published in Physical Review Research
is potentially applicable to human beings. The research team studied the brain signals produced by 13 fruit flies both when they were awake and when they were anesthetized. They then analyzed the signals to see how complex they were. “We found the statistical complexity to be larger when a fly is awake than when the same fly is anesthetized,” the team said. This is a major problem in lawyering, where it is crucial to differentiate between sleeping lawyers and those who are awake. “The study is significant because it highlights an objective way to measure conscious arousal, based on well-established ideas from complexity theory,” the team said. “It is potentially applicable to humans — and it reflects a growing interest in new theories of consciousness that are experimentally testable.”
This is especially important for global lawyers, lawmakers\judges, where complexity theory can offer insights into how juridical practice could become more just (fair), accessible, sustainable, adaptive, and innovative.

Global lawyers regarding human rights should be awake and aware of the complexity: human rights are complex; one unique way to resolve a case doesn’t exist; lawyering should be creative. The reality is complex and interconnected, it is articulated. Therefore it is necessary to find a way, a strategy to deal with it.

Being awake, we, the Studio Legale Lauricella, base on well-established ideas from Complexity Theory. Complexity Theory allows us to better understand systems as diverse as cells, human beings, forest ecosystems, and organizations that are only partially understood by traditional scientific methods (Zimmerman, B. Complexity Science: A Route through Hard Times and Uncertainty. Health Forum Journal 42-46 (March/April 1999); Zimmerman, B. Lindberg C. and Plsek P. Edgeware: Insights from Complexity Science or Health Care Leaders. Irving Texas: VHA, Inc, (1998)). While it represents a relatively nascent field of study, it spans across a wide variety of disciplines in the physical, biological, and social sciences, and has profound implications for the way we think about and act within the world (Schneider, M&Somers,M. Organizations as complex adaptive systems: Implications of Complexity Theory for leadership research. The Leadership Quarterly, 17(4), 351–365 (2006)).

A global lawyer needs to have a new mentality that accepts to abandon the securities. Simplifying is not good. The world is made up of a great deal of interactions (biological and social). Knowing does not eliminate ignorance. Scientists know this well, they see infinite problems open up as soon as they solve one. The discovery of complexity is one of the most important achievements in knowledge of the world: a science that has revolutionized the way we see things and ask ourselves about them. As for evolution it is not a theory, but a way of being of the real, of all the real, even and above all what we have inside us, the world of biology. Indeed it was this world that made the most important steps in the field. It is interesting to know how scientists, step by step, have advanced in these discoveries, a completely unknown area. Complexity includes chaos, network science, statistics.
If we consider that quantum mechanics has discovered the relationship, the system, the networks at the basis of reality, we comprehend that we are in possession of a really important knowledge.

Werner Heisenberg was shure, existing scientific concepts always embrace only a limited part of reality, while the other part, that is still misunderstood, is infinite. What physicists have discovered is this field of energy. It is a field of all possibilities – until an Understanding complexity means understanding that it is not possible to have total knowledge, so it is necessary to accept all arguments, even the most contradictory ones, to try to connect, not to incorporate.

Edgar Morin says: “from the start, complex thought is aware of the impossibility of complete knowledge: one of the axioms of complexity is the impossibility of even theoretical omniscience. ... I have always aspired to multidimensional thinking. ... I have always felt that some profound truths, antagonistic to each other, were complementary for me, without ceasing to be antagonistic”

It is wrong to think that it is necessary to simplify, that it is possible to arrive at a single doctrine, and that everything can be rationalized. We need to develop a theory, a logic and an epistemology of complexity that can be adapted to the knowledge; at the same time to seek the unity of science and the theory of the highest human complexity. We need a non-totalitarian, theoretical but not doctrinal, multidimensional discourse, open to uncertainty and overcoming; not ideal/idealistic, knowing that the thing will never be totally enclosed in the concept, the world will never be imprisoned in the discourse. This is the idea of the new science. This is the idea for a Global Lawyer. This is our idea.

For global lawyers, as for Morin, complexity is the challenge, it is not the answer the observer measures it or focuses on it. So consciousness seems to be intrinsically connected with this field of all possibilities.

We the Studio Legale Lauricella, the Global Lawyers, are literally creating (or co-creating) our own reality, our world, the best world. We like to imagine the infinite, the unknown, that surrounds and invades us. We like to get lost in it as poets do. We think this is the most important and true position for global lawyers. We think this is the wisest way to apply creativity in decision-making, to find the best way for our clients, to resolve disputes, not neglecting the commitment to reach the best fruits because we can shipwreck in that infinity. Positive immersion, mindful legal services delivering, contemplation that completes our work are the most important things for us.

Quantum physics is challenging and revising what lawyers have believed about human rights/ecology protection, and reality.
Our conscience\consciousness reflects our mind, it isn’t limited by the body, it influences the reality, it creates simple or complex reality (with the tendency to the complexity), it influences on human rights, on “what human rights protection will be in Europe '', established by global lawyers. The outside reality is complex, always.

Complex systems offer innovative solutions to outstanding scientific questions and global challenges. It requires the work and contributions of mathematicians, computer and data scientists, physicists, linguists, historians, social scientists and researchers in the fields of humanities, economy, ecology and climatology. In complex systems, growth patterns and final structures are not predictable: no design is possible from a priori knowledge but design possibilities are experimented: it requires evolutionary algorithms to optimize complex systems.

Our business-research includes Complex Thinking. Global Lawyer is a complex thinker.

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